E-Passport Market Report by Technology (Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Biometric), Security (Basic Access Control, Password Authenticated Connection Establishment, Supplemental Access Control, Extended Access Control), Application (Leisure Travel, Business Travel), and Region 2024-2032

E-Passport Market Report by Technology (Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Biometric), Security (Basic Access Control, Password Authenticated Connection Establishment, Supplemental Access Control, Extended Access Control), Application (Leisure Travel, Business Travel), and Region 2024-2032

Report Format: PDF+Excel | Report ID: SR112024A6000
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Market Overview:

The global E-passport market size reached US$ 29.3 Billion in 2023. Looking forward, IMARC Group expects the market to reach US$ 81.5 Billion by 2032, exhibiting a growth rate (CAGR) of 11.81% during 2024-2032. The growing airport infrastructure, coupled with the increasing volume of international travel, continual advancements in biometric technology, and the shift toward digital solutions in various sectors, including government services are some of the major factors propelling the market.

Report Attribute
Key Statistics
Base Year
Forecast Years
Historical Years
Market Size in 2023 US$ 29.3 Billion
Market Forecast in 2032 US$ 81.5 Billion
Market Growth Rate 2024-2032 11.81%

An e-passport, also known as an electronic passport or biometric passport, is an advanced form of travel document that incorporates electronic technology to enhance security and streamline immigration processes. Unlike traditional paper passports, e-passports contain an embedded microchip that securely stores the passport holder's personal information, biometric data (such as fingerprints or facial recognition data, and a digital photograph. This integration of technology aims to prevent identity fraud and enhance the accuracy of traveller identification. E-passports enable automated identity verification at border crossings and immigration checkpoints, facilitating quicker and more efficient processing for both travelers and border control authorities.

Global E-Passport Market Report

The growing airport infrastructure, especially in developing regions, is driving the global market. Moreover, the increasing volume of international travel contributed to the growth of the e-passport market. E-passports facilitate smoother and faster immigration processes at airports, reducing queues and wait times for travelers. As technology continued to evolve, the cost of producing e-passports decreased, making them more accessible for governments to implement. Additionally, continual advancements in biometric technology improved the accuracy and reliability of identity verification. Furthermore, the increasing interconnectedness of the world, both in terms of travel and trade, has led to a greater need for secure and efficient identification processes. E-passports are seen as a crucial component of modernizing and streamlining border control systems. Besides, the shift toward digital solutions in various sectors, including government services, encouraged the adoption of e-passports. E-passports are part of the broader trend of digitizing official documents and processes. 

E-Passport Market Trends/Drivers:

Enhanced Security and Anti-Fraud Measures

The escalating threat of counterfeiting, and other illicit activities has fueled the demand for e-passports as a robust solution to enhance security in travel documents. Traditional paper passports, although widely used, are susceptible to sophisticated forgery techniques that enable unauthorized individuals to manipulate or duplicate personal information, resulting in serious security breaches. E-passports address this vulnerability by incorporating cutting-edge biometric technologies within an embedded microchip. This chip securely stores an individual's unique biometric features, such as fingerprints, facial scans, or iris patterns. These biometric identifiers are virtually impossible to replicate, thus forming an exceptionally strong barrier against identity theft and fraud. Moreover, the data stored within the microchip is encrypted, adding an extra layer of protection against tampering and unauthorized access.

Streamlined Border Control and Enhanced Passenger Experience

Traditional manual passport checks often lead to time-consuming queues, frustrating travelers and straining the resources of border control authorities. E-passports introduce automation and efficiency to these processes. With an e-passport, travelers can use self-service kiosks at immigration checkpoints. These kiosks authenticate the passport's embedded data and biometric information, expediting identity verification without the need for extensive human involvement. This not only accelerates border crossings but also minimizes the potential for human error, contributing to more accurate identity verification. As a result, travelers experience quicker and more hassle-free journeys, ultimately fostering higher satisfaction levels. The adoption of e-passports aligns with the broader push towards seamless travel experiences, enabling individuals to focus on their trips and reducing the stress often associated with international travel.

Global Standardization and Interoperability

Presently, travelers often cross international borders multiple times, necessitating travel documents that are universally recognized and accepted. E-passports are designed in accordance with international standards set by organizations. These standards govern critical aspects such as data format, encryption methods, and biometric technologies, ensuring a consistent and harmonized approach across nations. This adherence to a shared framework allows e-passports to seamlessly integrate with existing border control systems and facilitates information exchange between countries. As governments increasingly collaborate on security initiatives and seek to enhance cross-border cooperation, e-passports stand out as a practical solution to promote a cohesive global travel ecosystem. Their standardized nature ensures that they are readily accepted and processed by a wide array of countries, contributing to smoother international travel experiences for all.

E-Passport Industry Segmentation:

IMARC Group provides an analysis of the key trends in each segment of the global E-passport market report, along with forecasts at the global, regional and country levels from 2024-2032. Our report has categorized the market based on technology, security and application.

Breakup by Technology:

E-Passport Market

  • Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
  • Biometric

Radio frequency identification (RFID) holds the largest share in the market

The report has provided a detailed breakup and analysis of the market based on the technology. This includes radio frequency identification (RFID) and biometric. According to the report, radio frequency identification (RFID) accounted for the largest market share.

RFID technology offers a seamless and efficient means of identity verification, as it enables rapid and contactless data transmission between the microchip and the reader. This results in quicker processing times, reducing queues at immigration checkpoints and enhancing the overall passenger experience. Moreover, RFID's ability to securely store and transmit biometric data, such as facial scans or fingerprints, aligns with the global push for enhanced security measures. The encrypted nature of the data within the microchip adds an additional layer of protection, making it significantly more difficult for unauthorized parties to tamper with or forge passport information. Governments and travel authorities worldwide can implement RFID-based e-passports without the need for extensive modifications to their current border control setups. This interoperability promotes a cohesive global travel ecosystem, as travelers can use their RFID-equipped e-passports at a wide range of international checkpoints, regardless of the host country's technological infrastructure.

Breakup by Security:

  • Basic Access Control
  • Password Authenticated Connection Establishment
  • Supplemental Access Control
  • Extended Access Control

A detailed breakup and analysis of the market based on the security has also been provided in the report. This includes basic access control, password authenticated connection establishment, supplemental access control, and extended access control.

Basic access control serves as a fundamental layer of protection for the sensitive information stored within the e-passport's embedded microchip. This security mechanism involves the creation of a personalized machine readable zone (MRZ) on the e-passport's data page, which is a set of characters that uniquely identifies the passport holder. When the e-passport is scanned at an immigration or border control point, the MRZ data is read and used to generate a cryptographic key. This key then unlocks the encrypted data stored within the microchip, allowing authorized parties to access the passport holder's information.

On the other hand, password authenticated connection establishment (PACE) holds a significant role as a leading security segment in the realm of e-passports. PACE is designed to support the authentication and confidentiality of data exchanges between the e-passport's microchip and authorized readers. This security mechanism involves the establishment of a secure session by mutually authenticating both the e-passport and the reader through the use of cryptographic keys and passwords.

Breakup by Application:

  • Leisure Travel
  • Business Travel

Leisure travel holds the largest share in the market

A detailed breakup and analysis of the market based on the application has also been provided in the report. This includes leisure travel and business travel. According to the report, leisure travel accounted for the largest market share. 

Leisure travelers benefit from the efficiency and convenience that e-passports bring to the table. Automated processes, such as self-service kiosks equipped with RFID readers and biometric authentication, reduce the time spent at immigration checkpoints, ensuring that travelers can swiftly navigate through the entry and exit procedures. Additionally, the advanced security features of e-passports, including biometric data storage and encryption, instill a sense of confidence among leisure travelers, as they can trust that their personal information is safeguarded against identity theft and unauthorized access. Moreover, the reduced waiting times and smoother identity verification processes offered by e-passports contribute to an overall improved travel experience. Travelers can focus more on enjoying their trips rather than grappling with bureaucratic procedures. As leisure travel continues to be a driving force in the tourism industry, governments and travel authorities recognize the need to enhance and modernize their travel documentation processes to cater to the demands of this segment.

Breakup by Region:

E-Passport Market

  • North America
    • United States
    • Canada
  • Asia-Pacific
    • China
    • Japan
    • India
    • South Korea
    • Australia
    • Indonesia
    • Others
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • France
    • United Kingdom
    • Italy
    • Spain
    • Russia
    • Others
  • Latin America
    • Brazil
    • Mexico
    • Others
  • Middle East and Africa

Europe exhibits a clear dominance, accounting for the largest e-passport market share

The report has also provided a comprehensive analysis of all the major regional markets, which include North America (the United States and Canada), Asia Pacific (China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia, Indonesia, and others), Europe (Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Russia, and others), Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, and others), and the Middle East and Africa. According to the report, Europe accounted for the largest market share. 

Europe's prominence in the e-passport market is underscored by its early and extensive adoption of this technology. Several European countries were among the first to introduce e-passports, integrating advanced security features and biometric data into travel documents. This proactive approach has not only fortified border control efforts but has also positioned Europe as a trendsetter in global travel security. Moreover, E-passports have become a linchpin in maintaining the security and efficiency of this interconnected travel ecosystem, further driving their adoption in the region. Additionally, the European nation’s commitment to creating a frictionless travel experience while upholding stringent security measures has contributed to the widespread use of e-passports. Europe's dominance is also reinforced by the cohesive standardization efforts undertaken by the European Union (EU). The EU's directives and regulations ensure that e-passports across member states adhere to consistent technical specifications, security standards, and data-sharing protocols.

Competitive Landscape:

Companies are heavily investing in research and development to innovate and enhance e-passport technologies. This includes improving the security features, biometric authentication methods, and the overall durability of e-passports. Continual advancements in materials, encryption techniques, and user interfaces are key focus areas. Moreover, e-passport companies are integrating cutting-edge technologies into their products. This includes incorporating advanced biometric sensors, Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) chips, and secure encryption algorithms. They are working to strike a balance between robust security and user-friendly design. Also, companies are continually upgrading security features to stay ahead of evolving threats. This involves developing anti-tampering mechanisms, biometric recognition enhancements, and anti-counterfeiting measures. Several leading players are working closely with governments and regulatory bodies to design and implement e-passport programs. They collaborate to establish technical specifications, security standards, and data protection protocols that align with national and international regulations.

The report has provided a comprehensive analysis of the competitive landscape in the market. Detailed profiles of all major companies have also been provided. Some of the key players in the market include:

  • 4G Identity Solutions Private Limited (Goldstone Technologies Ltd.)
  • CardLogix Corporation
  • Entrust Corporation
  • HID Global Corporation (Assa Abloy AB)
  • Infineon Technologies AG
  • Mühlbauer Group
  • Primekey Solutions AB (Keyfactor)
  • Thales Group

Recent Developments:

  • In December 2022, Infineon Technologies AG delivered e-passport security for quantum computer era. It facilitates touchless movement through border terminals, transferring data seamlessly between the secure document and the airport scanner to confirm passenger identity.
  • In November 2022, Idemia launched the new demo passport ‘Abroadia’ with innovative security features. These passports allow individuals to authenticate themselves securely and easily with a smartphone to transform their physical identity into a digital identity. This allows travelers to check in for flights at home and go through security checkpoints faster.
  • In October 2022, Mühlbauer Group Announced New APS for Printed Electronics. The Antenna Printing System (APS) prints RFID antennas with copper nano ink on paper in a rotary screen printing process.

E-Passport Market Report Scope:

Report Features Details
Base Year of the Analysis 2023
Historical Period 2018-2023
Forecast Period 2024-2032
Units US$ Billion
Scope of the Report Exploration of Historical and Forecast Trends, Industry Catalysts and Challenges, Segment-Wise Historical and Predictive Market Assessment:
  • Technology
  • Security
  • Application
  • Region
Technologies Covered Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Biometric
Securities Covered Basic Access Control, Password Authenticated Connection Establishment, Supplemental Access Control, Extended Access Control
Applications Covered Leisure Travel, Business Travel
Regions Covered Asia Pacific, Europe, North America, Latin America, Middle East and Africa
Countries Covered United States, Canada, Germany, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Russia, China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia, Indonesia, Brazil, Mexico
Companies Covered 4G Identity Solutions Private Limited (Goldstone Technologies Ltd.), CardLogix Corporation, Entrust Corporation, HID Global Corporation (Assa Abloy AB), IDEMIA, Infineon Technologies AG, Mühlbauer Group, Primekey Solutions AB (Keyfactor), Thales Group etc.
Customization Scope 10% Free Customization
Report Price and Purchase Option Single User License: US$ 3899
Five User License: US$ 4899
Corporate License: US$ 5899
Post-Sale Analyst Support 10-12 Weeks
Delivery Format PDF and Excel through Email (We can also provide the editable version of the report in PPT/Word format on special request)

Key Benefits for Stakeholders:

  • IMARC’s report offers a comprehensive quantitative analysis of various market segments, historical and current market trends, market forecasts, and dynamics of the e-passport market from 2018-2032.
  • The research study provides the latest information on the market drivers, challenges, and opportunities in the global e-passport market.
  • The study maps the leading, as well as the fastest-growing, regional markets. It further enables stakeholders to identify the key country-level markets within each region.
  • Porter's five forces analysis assist stakeholders in assessing the impact of new entrants, competitive rivalry, supplier power, buyer power, and the threat of substitution. It helps stakeholders to analyze the level of competition within the e-passport industry and its attractiveness.
  • Competitive landscape allows stakeholders to understand their competitive environment and provides an insight into the current positions of key players in the market.

Key Questions Answered in This Report

The global e-passport market was valued at US$ 29.3 Billion in 2023.

We expect the global e-passport market to exhibit a CAGR of 11.81% during 2024-2032.

The growing adoption of wireless communication technology across the travel industry, along with the rising consumer awareness towards the benefits of e-passports, such as less processing time and greater data storage capacity, is primarily driving the global e-passport market.

The sudden outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic had led to the implementation of stringent lockdown regulations across several nations, resulting in the temporary halt in numerous e-passport services.

Based on the technology, the global e-passport market has been segregated into Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and biometric, where Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) currently holds the largest market share.

Based on the application, the global e-passport market can be bifurcated into leisure travel and business travel. Currently, leisure travel exhibits a clear dominance in the market.

On a regional level, the market has been classified into North America, Asia-Pacific, Europe, Latin America, and Middle East and Africa, where Europe currently dominates the global market.

Some of the major players in the global e-passport market include 4G Identity Solutions Private Limited (Goldstone Technologies Ltd.), CardLogix Corporation, Entrust Corporation, HID Global Corporation (Assa Abloy AB), IDEMIA, Infineon Technologies AG, Mühlbauer Group, Primekey Solutions AB (Keyfactor), and Thales Group.

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E-Passport Market Report by Technology (Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Biometric), Security (Basic Access Control, Password Authenticated Connection Establishment, Supplemental Access Control, Extended Access Control), Application (Leisure Travel, Business Travel), and Region 2024-2032
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