The Europe e-bike market size reached US$ 5,289 Million in 2022. Looking forward, IMARC Group expects the market to reach US$ 8,163 Million by 2028, exhibiting a growth rate (CAGR) of 7.4% during 2023-2028. The need for sustainable alternative to conventional motor vehicles owing to rising pollution levels, favorable government incentives promoting eco-friendly transportation, and technological advancements in battery and motor efficiency are among the key factors driving the market growth.
|Market Size in 2022
||US$ 5,289 Million
|Market Forecast in 2028
||US$ 8,163 Million
|Market Growth Rate (2023-2028)
An e-bike, or electric bicycle, is a type of bicycle that is equipped with an electric motor to assist the rider in pedaling. This motor can significantly reduce the physical effort required to travel, particularly when navigating hills or riding against strong winds. E-bikes typically come with varying levels of assistance that the rider can select, and some models allow for fully electric propulsion without pedaling. These bicycles are designed to provide a more accessible and efficient mode of transportation, combining the benefits of traditional cycling with the convenience of motorized support. As a result, e-bikes are gaining immense traction across Europe as a sustainable alternative to conventional motor vehicles, promoting environmental responsibility while offering an effective means of urban commuting.
Note: Information in the above chart consists of dummy data and is only shown here for representation purpose. Kindly contact us for the actual market size and trends.
In Europe, rapid urbanization and the subsequent increase in traffic congestion are pushing city dwellers to seek alternative transportation means, with e-bikes emerging as a convenient solution. This, along with the rising environmental consciousness, represents one of the key factors supporting market growth. Moreover, the growing consumer emphasis on health and physical fitness makes e-bikes appealing to those aiming to incorporate exercise into their daily routines. Besides this, technological advancements are also pivotal; improvements in battery life, motor efficiency, and overall e-bike design are expanding consumer interest. Additionally, the rise in infrastructure development activities across the region, such as the establishment of bike lanes and parking facilities, further facilitates e-bike usage. In line with this, economic considerations, such as fuel prices and the general cost of living, make e-bikes a more attractive and economical commuting option, thus propelling market growth. Furthermore, the escalating cultural acceptance of cycling in various European countries is contributing to market growth.
Europe E-Bike Market Trends/Drivers:
Favorable Government Regulations and Incentives
A significant increase in government support is a vital driver in the Europe e-bike market. Many European countries are actively promoting e-bike usage through favorable regulations, incentives, and awareness campaigns. Subsidies, tax reductions, and even grants are provided to both manufacturers and consumers to make e-bikes more affordable. Policymakers are recognizing e-bikes as a solution to reduce urban congestion and lower emissions, aligning with broader goals of sustainability and climate change mitigation. These regulations are often part of comprehensive transportation and environmental policies that support e-bikes along with various forms of green mobility. The effect is a robust and cohesive support system that actively encourages citizens to consider e-bikes as a viable and attractive mode of transportation.
Rise in Environmental Concerns Among Individuals
Environmental consciousness is deeply rooted in European culture, and there is a strong push toward adopting sustainable practices. E-bikes present a way to address growing concerns about pollution, carbon emissions, and reliance on fossil fuels. As a green alternative to traditional motorized vehicles, they offer an eco-friendly means of transportation that aligns with the values and regulations aimed at environmental conservation. Numerous European cities are facing air quality challenges, and the adoption of e-bikes plays a part in the solution by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The growing desire for a cleaner, healthier environment is a governmental aim, which is also reflected in the choices and behaviors of individual consumers. This alignment of societal values and individual actions toward environmental responsibility significantly fuels the adoption of e-bikes across Europe.
Europe E-Bike Industry Segmentation:
IMARC Group provides an analysis of the key trends in each segment of the Europe e-bike market report, along with forecasts at the regional, and country levels for 2023-2028. Our report has categorized the market based on mode, motor type, battery type, class, design, and application.
Breakup by Mode:
Note: Information in the above chart consists of dummy data and is only shown here for representation purpose. Kindly contact us for the actual market size and trends.
Pedal assist dominates the market
The report has provided a detailed breakup and analysis of the market based on the mode. This includes throttle and pedal assist. According to the report, pedal assist represented the largest segment.
Throttle mode e-bikes are controlled by a hand-operated throttle, allowing riders to engage the motor without pedaling. The motor can propel the bike independently, similar to a scooter or motorcycle. This mode often appeals to those looking for more relaxed riding experiences or those with physical limitations that make traditional cycling challenging. It can also be beneficial for individuals traveling longer distances without exerting much physical effort. While this mode offers convenience, it may not align with regulatory guidelines in some European regions that emphasize human propulsion, possibly limiting its market share.
Pedal assist, also known as Pedelec, requires the rider to pedal to engage the motor. The motor provides assistance proportionally to the rider's pedaling effort, making the ride easier, especially during uphill or strenuous stretches. This mode is attractive to a wide range of consumers, from daily commuters seeking an easier ride to fitness enthusiasts who still want to engage in physical exercise but with added assistance. Since they align with sustainability goals, fitness trends, and regulatory requirements that emphasize human-powered mobility, pedal-assist e-bikes are generally more prevalent in Europe, favoring segment growth.
Breakup by Motor Type:
- Hub Motor
- Mid Drive
Hub motor accounts for the majority of the market share
A detailed breakup and analysis of the market based on the motor type has also been provided in the report. This includes hub motor, mid drive, and others. According to the report, hub motor accounted for the largest market share.
Hub motors are integrated into the front or rear wheel's hub and provide direct drive power to the wheels. This type is suitable for casual riders, commuters, and those seeking a cost-effective option. Hub motors often offer sufficient power for flat terrains and daily urban use. Hub motors are commonly used due to their simplicity, lower cost, and ease of maintenance.
Mid-drive motors are located at the bike's crank and pedals, allowing power to be applied directly to the bike's chain. This can create a more balanced and efficient ride. This type appeals to more serious cyclists, including mountain bikers and those needing more torque and control, especially over rough or hilly terrains. Although generally more expensive, the performance advantages make mid-drive motors increasingly popular, particularly among enthusiasts and those seeking a more dynamic riding experience.
Other motor types may include variations and combinations of hub and mid-drive motors or innovative new designs that cater to particular needs. This category can serve niche markets, including specialized sporting activities, unique commuting solutions, or adaptive designs for specific physical requirements.
Breakup by Battery Type:
- Lead Acid
- Lithium Ion
- Nickel-Metal Hydride (NiMH)
Lead acid represents the most widely used battery type
The report has provided a detailed breakup and analysis of the market based on the battery type. This includes lead acid, lithium ion, nickel-metal hydride (NiMH), and others. According to the report, lead acid represented the largest segment.
Lead acid batteries are the oldest type of rechargeable batteries, known for their affordability. Often found in lower-cost e-bikes, they are widely preferred by budget-conscious consumers and markets where price is a significant factor. Lithium-ion batteries offer higher energy density, longer lifespans, and are relatively lightweight. They appeal to a wide spectrum of users, from daily commuters to enthusiasts seeking a balance of performance, weight, and cost. These are the most popular battery types in the e-bike industry, owing to their efficiency and modern technological advantages.
Nickel-Metal Hydride (NiMH) batteries offer a middle ground between lead-acid and lithium-ion in terms of weight, cost, and energy density. Suitable for those looking for a more environmentally friendly option compared to lead acid but at a lower price than lithium-ion. NiMH has a widespread presence in the Europe e-bike industry, after lithium-ion in most applications.
Breakup by Class:
- Class I
- Class II
- Class III
Class I holds the largest share in the market
A detailed breakup and analysis of the market based on the class has also been provided in the report. This includes class I, II, and III. According to the report, class I accounted for the largest market share.
Class I e-bikes provide assistance only when the rider is pedaling and usually stop assisting at speeds of around 20 mph (32 kph). They are suitable for urban commuting, fitness, recreational riding, and where regulations require human pedal involvement. As these e-bikes align with many European regulations and appeal to a broad audience, they are highly preferred by daily commuters and leisure riders.
Class II e-bikes offer a throttle that can activate the motor even when the rider is not pedaling, typically assisting up to 20 mph (32 kph) as well. This class is popular among those who may need or prefer a more relaxed riding experience without pedaling. It also appeals to riders with physical limitations or those seeking more control over motor engagement.
Class III e-bikes, also known as speed pedelecs, assist the rider while pedaling but can reach higher speeds, usually up to 28 mph (45 kph). These e-bikes cater to performance-oriented riders, long-distance commuters, and those seeking a faster and more dynamic riding experience.
Breakup by Design:
Non-foldable represents the most popular e-bike design
A detailed breakup and analysis of the market has been provided based on design. This includes foldable and non-foldable. According to the report, non-foldable e-bikes accounted for the largest market share.
Foldable e-bikes are designed with a hinge or mechanism that allows the bike to be folded into a compact size, facilitating portability and storage. They are ideal for urban commuters, especially those using multi-modal transportation, such as combining cycling with public transport. They are also favored by those with limited storage space, such as apartment dwellers or travelers seeking a portable option. Foldable e-bikes occupy a unique niche in the market, offering convenience and flexibility.
Non-foldable e-bikes encompass the traditional and standard e-bike design without the ability to fold. They can include various types, from city to mountain bikes, each catering to different riding styles and conditions. Non-foldable e-bikes appeal to a broad range of consumers, including leisure riders, fitness enthusiasts, long-distance commuters, off-road cyclists, and more. They generally offer more diverse options in terms of performance, style, and functionality.
While foldable designs cater to the urban, space-conscious, and multi-modal commuter, non-foldable designs offer a wide array of options suitable for various terrains, purposes, and preferences.
Breakup by Application:
- Mountain/Trekking Bikes
City/urban is the leading application segment
The report has provided a detailed breakup and analysis of the market based on the application. This includes mountain/trekking bikes, city/urban, cargo, and others. According to the report, city/urban represented the largest segment.
Mountain or trekking e-bikes are specifically designed for off-road use, equipped with features such as robust frames, shock absorbers, and specialized tires for rough terrains. They are generally more popular among outdoor enthusiasts, adventurers, and those seeking a performance-oriented riding experience in challenging landscapes. The rising participation of individuals in outdoor activities and sports is augmenting segment growth.
City or urban e-bikes are designed for daily commuting, short-distance travel, and use on well-paved roads. They are ideal for urban commuters, casual riders, and those seeking a convenient and eco-friendly alternative to motor vehicles in city environments. As urbanization and environmental consciousness drive demand for sustainable transport solutions, city or urban e-bikes are gaining immense traction, thus favoring segment growth.
Cargo e-bikes are built with added capacity to carry goods, children, or additional passengers and often come with reinforced frames and load-carrying features. Suitable for businesses, delivery services, or families requiring extra carrying capacity. With the rapid growth of e-commerce and green logistics in Europe, this segment is seeing increasing interest and application, especially in commercial contexts.
In addition to this, the market includes other specialized or niche e-bike applications such as adaptive bikes for those with mobility challenges, racing e-bikes, and innovative designs targeting specific needs, specialized activities, and unique consumer interests.
Breakup by Country:
- United Kingdom
Germany exhibits a clear dominance in the market
The report has also provided a comprehensive analysis of all the major regional markets, which include Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, and others. According to the report, Germany accounted for the largest market share.
Germany leads in e-bike sales in Europe since the region has a well-established cycling infrastructure and is driven by strong consumer interest, technological advancements, and government incentives. France is also an emerging and growing market within the European region as it is witnessing substantial growth in e-bike adoption, influenced by elevating levels of urbanization, favorable government subsidies, and the push toward green transportation solutions.
The e-bike market in the United Kingdom is rapidly evolving with changing regulations, increased awareness, and investment in cycling infrastructure. It is a developing market with growth potential, particularly in urban areas, owing to the rise in city dwellers, fitness enthusiasts, and businesses adopting e-bike deliveries.
Italy's market reflects a mix of traditional cycling culture and modern e-bike adoption, especially in urban and tourist areas. It is also experiencing steady growth, especially in tourism-driven regions. Furthermore, Spain's e-bike market is fueled by rapid urbanization, tourism, and supportive initiatives to reduce air pollution levels. At present, the growing interest, particularly in major cities and tourist destinations, is catalyzing the market expansion in Spain.
The market is experiencing moderate growth as several key players are actively engaging in strategies to innovate, expand, and strengthen their presence. The leading manufacturers are investing in research and development (R&D) activities to introduce more efficient, lightweight, and user-friendly e-bike models. Collaborations with technology firms are also resulting in advancements in battery life, motor efficiency, and smart connectivity features. Moreover, customized solutions for various segments, such as urban commuters, mountain bikers, and cargo carriers, are being developed to cater to the diverse needs of consumers across countries. Additionally, vendors are exploring new markets, forging partnerships with local distributors, and promoting their products through targeted marketing campaigns to reach different demographics. Sustainability initiatives are also at the forefront, aligning with governmental environmental goals and growing consumer interest in eco-friendly transportation alternatives. We also expect the market to witness a rise in product innovations and customization, expansion strategies, and sustainability initiatives during the forecast period, reflecting a dynamic and responsive approach to the evolving e-bike market in Europe.
The market research report has provided a comprehensive analysis of the competitive landscape in the market. Detailed profiles of all major companies have also been provided.
Europe E-Bike Market Report Scope:
|Base Year of the Analysis
|Scope of the Report
||Exploration of Historical Trends and Market Outlook, Industry Catalysts and Challenges, Segment-Wise Historical and Predictive Market Assessment:
- Motor Type
- Battery Type
||Throttle, Pedal Assist
|Motor Types Covered
||Hub Motor, Mid Drive, Others
|Battery Types Covered
||Lead Acid, Lithium Ion, Nickel-Metal Hydride (NiMH), Others
||Class I, Class II, Class III
||Mountain/Trekking Bikes, City/Urban, Cargo, Others
||Germany, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Others
||10% Free Customization
|Report Price and Purchase Option
||Single User License: US$ 2699
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Corporate License: US$ 4699
|Post-Sale Analyst Support
||PDF and Excel through Email (We can also provide the editable version of the report in PPT/Word format on special request)
Key Benefits for Stakeholders:
- IMARC’s industry report offers a comprehensive quantitative analysis of various market segments, historical and current market trends, market forecasts, and dynamics of the Europe e-bike market from 2017-2028.
- The research report provides the latest information on the market drivers, challenges, and opportunities in the Europe e-bike market.
- Porter's five forces analysis assist stakeholders in assessing the impact of new entrants, competitive rivalry, supplier power, buyer power, and the threat of substitution. It helps stakeholders to analyze the level of competition within the Europe e-bike industry and its attractiveness.
- Competitive landscape allows stakeholders to understand their competitive environment and provides an insight into the current positions of key players in the market.