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Seed Industry in India: Market Trends, Structure, Growth, Key Players and Forecast 2022-2027

Markey Overview:

The seed industry in India market size reached US$ 5.5 Billion in 2021. Looking forward, IMARC Group expects the market to reach US$ 11.3 Billion by 2027, exhibiting a growth rate (CAGR) of 12.5% during 2022-2027. Keeping in mind the uncertainties of COVID-19, we are continuously tracking and evaluating the direct as well as the indirect influence of the pandemic. These insights are included in the report as a major market contributor.

Seeds are small embryonic plants enclosed in a protective cover with a food reserve. They are found inside fruits and develop into new plants when grown under optimum environmental conditions. They consist of undeveloped miniature plants, endosperm, and seed coats and are formed from the fertilization of an ovule after pollination. They are good sources of fiber, healthy monounsaturated fats, polyunsaturated fats, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Their regular consumption help reduce blood sugar, cholesterol, and blood pressure. They are consequently utilized for growing fruits, vegetables, cereals, and lentils and obtaining oils for cooking, margarine production, lubrication, cooking, and painting. At present, seeds are available in varied colors, shapes, sizes, weights, and specific gravity across India.

Seed Industry in India Market Trends:

The growing population and the availability of rich arable lands and various agro-climatic zones in India represent one of the key factors positively influencing the market. In addition, the commercialization of agriculture and the active collaboration of private and public sectors are propelling the growth of the seed industry in the country. Apart from this, leading seed breeders are increasingly introducing advanced digital technologies to help farmers overcome the negative impacts of pests, climate, and other environmental factors. This, in turn, is contributing to the market growth. Additionally, the integration of data science, artificial intelligence (AI) tools, advanced phenomics, and genomics in the agricultural sector is offering a favorable market outlook. Along with this, various opportunities provided by the Government of India (GoI) to encourage farmers and breeders are creating a positive outlook for the market. It is also launching various programs, such as Integrated Scheme for Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm, and Maize (ISOPOM), and Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, which, in turn, is providing continuous support and offering lucrative growth opportunities to farmers and seed breeders. Moreover, increasing investments by research institutes in research and development (R&D) activities to enhance crop production, supply chain management, and quality assurance is expected to drive the seed industry in India.

Key Market Segmentation:

IMARC Group provides an analysis of the key trends in each sub-segment of the seed industry in India market report, along with forecasts at the country and state level from 2022-2027. Our report has categorized the market based on crop type.

Breakup by Crop Type:

  • Wheat
  • Paddy
  • Vegetables
  • Cotton
  • Maize
  • Groundnut
  • Soybean
  • Others


Paddy seeds currently dominate the market as paddy crops represent one of the popular staple foods in India.

Breakup by Region:

  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • West Bengal
  • Rajasthan
  • Punjab
  • Maharashtra
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Bihar
  • Karnataka 
  • Others


Uttar Pradesh enjoys the leading position in the market as it is the most populous state in the country. Additionally, the availability of the largest arable land is impelling the market growth

Competitive Landscape:

The competitive landscape of the market has been analyzed in the report, along with the detailed profiles of the major players operating in the industry. Some of these players are Advanta, DuPont, Kaveri Seeds, Syngenta, Bayer, J K Seeds, Rallis India Limited.

Report Coverage:

Report Features Details
Base Year of the Analysis 2021
Historical Period 2016-2021
Forecast Period 2022-2027
Units US$ Billion
Segment Coverage Crop Type, State
State Covered Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Punjab, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Others
Companies Covered Advanta, DuPont, Kaveri Seeds, Syngenta, Bayer, J K Seeds and Rallis India Limited
Customization Scope 10% Free Customization
Report Price and Purchase Option Single User License: US$ 2299
Five User License: US$ 3399
Corporate License: US$ 4499
Post-Sale Analyst Support 10-12 Weeks
Delivery Format PDF and Excel through Email (We can also provide the editable version of the report in PPT/Word format on special request)

1   Preface
2   Scope and Methodology

    2.1 Objectives of the Study
    2.2 Stakeholders
    2.3 Data Sources
        2.3.1 Primary Sources
        2.3.2 Secondary Sources
    2.4 Market Estimation
        2.4.1 Bottom-Up Approach
        2.4.2 Top-Down Approach
    2.5 Forecasting Methodology
3   Executive Summary
4   Introduction

    4.1 Overview
    4.2 Key Industry Trends
5   Global Seed Industry
    5.1 Market Overview
    5.2 Market Performance
    5.3 Market Breakup by Region
    5.4 Market Breakup by Seed Type
    5.5 Major Players
    5.6 Market Forecast
6   Indian Seed Industry
    6.1 Market Overview
    6.2 Market Performance
    6.3 Impact of COVID-19
    6.4 Evolution of the Indian Seed Industry
    6.5 Comparison of the Indian and Global Seed Industry
    6.6 Seed Industry: Value Chain Analysis
        6.6.1 Research and Development
        6.6.2 Seed Production
        6.6.3 Processing, Packaging and Storage
        6.6.4 Sales and Marketing
        6.6.5 Distribution
    6.7 Indian Seed Market: Breakup by Crop Type
        6.7.1 Wheat
           6.7.1.1    Market Trends
           6.7.1.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.2 Paddy
           6.7.2.1    Market Trends
           6.7.2.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.3 Vegetables
           6.7.3.1    Market Trends
           6.7.3.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.4 Cotton
           6.7.4.1    Market Trends
          6.7.4.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.5 Maize
           6.7.5.1    Market Trends
           6.7.5.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.6 Groundnut
           6.7.6.1    Market Trends
           6.7.6.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.7 Soybean
           6.7.7.1    Market Trends
           6.7.7.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.8 Others
           6.7.8.1    Market Trends
           6.7.8.2    Market Forecast
    6.8 Indian Seed Market: Breakup by Region
        6.8.1 Uttar Pradesh
           6.8.1.1    Market Trends
           6.8.1.2    Market Forecast
        6.8.2 Madhya Pradesh
           6.8.2.1    Market Trends
           6.8.2.2    Market Forecast
        6.8.3 West Bengal
           6.8.3.1    Market Trends
           6.8.3.2    Market Forecast
        6.8.4 Rajasthan
           6.8.4.1    Market Trends
           6.8.4.2    Market Forecast
        6.8.5 Punjab
           6.8.5.1    Market Trends
           6.7.5.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.6 Maharashtra
           6.8.6.1    Market Trends
           6.8.6.2    Market Forecast
       6.8.7 Andhra Pradesh
           6.8.7.1    Market Trends
           6.8.7.2    Market Forecast
       6.8.8 Bihar
           6.8.8.1    Market Trends
           6.8.8.2    Market Forecast
       6.8.9 Karnataka
           6.8.9.1    Market Trends
           6.8.9.2    Market Forecast
       6.8.10 Others
           6.8.10.1    Market Trends
           6.8.10.2    Market Forecast
    6.9 Supply and Demand of Major Seeds in India
    6.10 Hybridization of Major Crops
    6.11 Seed Replacement Rates of Major Crops
    6.12 Government Regulations
    6.13 R&D in the Indian Seed Industry
    6.14 SWOT Analysis
        6.14.1 Overview
        6.14.2 Strengths
        6.14.3 Weaknesses
        6.14.4 Opportunities
        6.14.5 Threats
    6.15 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
        6.15.1 Overview
        6.15.2 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
        6.15.3 Bargaining Power of Buyers
        6.15.4 Threat of New Entrants
        6.15.5 Threat of Substitutes
        6.15.6 Degree of Competition
    6.16 Market Forecast
7   Competitive Landscape
    7.1 Competitive Structure
    7.2 Market Share of Key Players
    7.3 Profiles of Key Players
        7.3.1 Advanta
            7.3.1.1 Company Overview
            7.3.1.2 Company Description
            7.3.1.3 Strategy
            7.3.1.4 Key Financials
        7.3.2 DuPont
            7.3.2.1 Company Overview
            7.3.2.2 Company Description
            7.3.2.3 Operations
            7.3.2.4 Strategy
            7.3.2.5 SWOT Analysis
            7.3.2.6 Key Financials
        7.3.3 Kaveri Seeds
            7.3.3.1 Company Overview
            7.3.3.2 Company Description
            7.3.3.3 Key Financials
        7.3.4 Syngenta
            7.3.4.1 Company Overview
            7.3.4.2 Company Description
            7.3.4.3 Operations
            7.3.4.4 Strategy
            7.3.4.5 SWOT Analysis
            7.3.4.6 Key Financials
        7.3.5 Bayer
            7.3.5.1 Company Overview
            7.3.5.2 Company Description
            7.3.5.3 Operations
            7.3.5.4 Strategy
            7.3.5.5 SWOT Analysis
            7.3.5.6 Key Financials
        7.3.6 J K Seeds
            7.3.6.1 Company Overview
            7.3.6.2 Company Description
            7.3.6.3 Key Financials
        7.3.7 Rallis India Limited
            7.3.7.1 Company Overview
            7.3.7.2 Company Description
            7.3.7.3 Key Financials

List of Figure

Figure 1: India: Seed Market: Major Drivers and Challenges
Figure 2: Global: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Billion US$), 2016-2021
Figure 3: Global: Seed Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2021
Figure 4: Global: Seed Market: Breakup by Type (in %), 2021
Figure 5: Global: Seed Market: Share of Key Players (in %), 2021
Figure 6: Global: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Billion US$), 2022-2027
Figure 7: Indian: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Billion US$), 2016-2021
Figure 8: India: Evolution of the Indian Seed Industry
Figure 9: India: Seed Industry: Value Chain Analysis
Figure 10: India: Seed Market: Breakup by Crop Type (in %), 2021
Figure 11: India: Seed Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2021
Figure 12: India: Wheat Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 13: India: Wheat Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 14: India: Paddy Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 15: India: Paddy Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 16: India: Vegetables Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 17: India: Vegetables Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 18: India: Cotton Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 19: India: Cotton Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 20: India: Maize Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 21: India: Maize Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 22: India: Groundnut Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 23: India: Groundnut Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 24: India: Soybean Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 25: India: Soybean Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 26: India: Others Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 27: India: Others Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 28: Uttar Pradesh: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 29: Uttar Pradesh: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 30: Madhya Pradesh: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 31: Madhya Pradesh: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 32: West Bengal: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 33: West Bengal: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 34: Rajasthan: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 35: Rajasthan: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 36: Punjab: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 37: Punjab: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 38: Maharashtra: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 39: Maharashtra: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 40: Andhra Pradesh: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 41: Andhra Pradesh: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 42: Bihar: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 43: Bihar: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 44: Karnataka: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 45: Karnataka: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 46: Others: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2016 & 2021
Figure 47: Others: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Figure 48: India: Grain Seeds Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2021
Figure 49: India: Vegetable Seeds Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2021
Figure 50: India: Oil Seeds Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2021
Figure 51: India: Fruit Seeds Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2021
Figure 52: India: Seed Industry: SWOT Analysis
Figure 53: India: Seed Industry: Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
Figure 54: India: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Billion US$), 2022-2027
Figure 55: India: Seed Market: Breakup by Key Players (in %), 2021
Figure 56: DuPont: SWOT Analysis
Figure 57: Syngenta: SWOT Analysis
Figure 58: Bayer: SWOT Analysis

List of Tables

Table 1: Global: Seed Market: Key Industry Highlights, 2021 and 2027
Table 2: India: Seed Market: Key Industry Highlights, 2021 and 2027
Table 3: India: Seed Market Forecast: Breakup by Crop Type (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Table 4: India: Seed Market Forecast: Breakup by Region (in Million US$), 2022-2027
Table 5: Comparison of the Global and Indian Seed Industry
Table 6: India: Supply and Demand of Major Crop Seeds (‘000 Tons)
Table 7: India: Supply and Demand of Major Crop Seeds (‘000 Tons)
Table 8: India: Supply and Demand of Major Crop Seeds (‘000 Tons)
Table 9: India: Seed Market: Hybridization of Major Seeds
Table 10: India: Seed Market: Seed Replacement rates of Major Crops
Table 11: India: Seed Market: Government Regulations
Table 12: Advanta Seeds: Key Financials (in US$ Million) 
Table 13: DuPont: Key Financials (in US$ Million) 
Table 14: Kaveri Seeds: Key Financials (in US$ Million) 
Table 15: Syngenta: Key Financials (in US$ Million) 
Table 16: J K Seeds: Key Financials (in US$ Million) 
Table 17: Rallis India Limited: Key Financials (in US$ Million) 
Table 18: Bayer: Key Financials (in US$ Million)


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Key Questions Answered in This Report

The seed industry in India was valued at US$ 5.5 Billion in 2021. 

Commercialization in the agriculture sector, growing number of public-private collaborations, inflating consumer income levels and introduction of hybrid product variants represent some of the factors driving the seed industry in India.

Sudden outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic had led to the implementation of stringent lockdown regulations resulting in temporary shutdown of numerous supply units of agricultural products across the country. The non-availability of migrant labor has also interrupted the harvesting activities in India.

Based on the crop type, the seed industry in India can be segmented into wheat, paddy, vegetables, cotton, maize, groundnut, soybean, and others. Among these, paddy accounts for the largest market share.

On a regional level, the market has been classified into Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Punjab, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, and Karnataka, where Uttar Pradesh currently dominates the Indian market. 

Some of the major players in the seed industry in India include Advanta, DuPont, Kaveri Seeds, Syngenta, Bayer, J K Seeds, Rallis India Limited.

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