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Seed Industry in India: Market Trends, Structure, Growth, Key Players and Forecast 2021-2026

The agricultural sector is highly dependent on the availability and quality of seeds for a productive harvest. Therefore, in order to increase the quantity and quality of produce, efforts are made to introduce enhanced varieties of seeds with the help of advance technology and modern agricultural methods. In India, agriculture is the dominant occupation, which secures abundant opportunities for the seed market in the region. According to IMARC Group’s latest report titled, “Seed Industry in India: Market Trends, Structure, Growth, Key Players and Forecast 2021-2026”, the Indian seed market reached a value of US$ 4.9 Billion in 2020.

The Indian seed market has witnessed a major restructuring as a result of the implementation of some progressive policies by the government. Seed Development, 1988 and National Seed Policy, 2002 have helped in strengthening the Indian seed industry in the areas of R&D, product development, supply chain management and quality assurance. Owing to this, India has emerged as the fifth largest seed market across the globe. Moreover, the active participation of both, public and private sectors has also played a vital role in laying a strong foundation of the industry. This includes launching initiatives to promote the use of hybrid seeds among the farmers who had earlier used outmoded open pollinated varieties. Some other growth-inducing forces, such as growth in income levels, commercialization of agriculture, patent protection systems and intellectual rights over plant varieties, have given a great push to the market. Owing to these factors, the Indian seed market is further expected to exhibit strong growth during 2021-2026.

The report has segmented the market on the basis of type. Currently, grain seeds represent the largest seed type, accounting for more than a half of the total seed production. Other major seed types include oil, vegetable and fruit seeds. An analysis of the market is provided on the basis of regions. The major regions covered in the report are Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Punjab, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Karnataka. Amongst these, Uttar Pradesh represents the largest producer, accounting for around 12% of the total market in the country. The report has also analyzed the competitive landscape of the market and provides the profiles of the key players operative in it.

This report provides a deep insight into the Indian seeds market covering all its essential aspects. This ranges from macro overview of the market to micro details of the industry performance, key market drivers and challenges, recent trends, market forecast, SWOT analysis, Porter’s five forces analysis, value chain analysis, etc. This report is a must-read for entrepreneurs, researchers, consultants, investors, business strategists, and all those who have any kind of stake or are planning to foray into the Indian seeds industry in any manner.

Key Aspects Analysed:

  • Trends and dynamics in the Indian seeds market.
  • Impact of COVID-19 on the industry.
  • Major seed types and their current and future market potential.
  • Key drivers/restraints and their impact on the current and future market scenario.
  • Examination of the competitive landscape.


Types of Seeds Covered in This Report:

  • Wheat
  • Paddy
  • Vegetables
  • Cotton
  • Maize
  • Groundnut
  • Soybean
  • Others


Major Regions Covered in This Report:

  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • West Bengal
  • Rajasthan
  • Punjab
  • Maharashtra
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Bihar
  • Karnataka 
  • Others


Focus of the Analysis:

  • Overview
  • Historical and current market scenario
  • Market trends
  • Market forecast
  • Competitive Landscape

1   Preface
2   Scope and Methodology

    2.1 Objectives of the Study
    2.2 Stakeholders
    2.3 Data Sources
        2.3.1 Primary Sources
        2.3.2 Secondary Sources
    2.4 Market Estimation
        2.4.1 Bottom-Up Approach
        2.4.2 Top-Down Approach
    2.5 Forecasting Methodology
3   Executive Summary
4   Introduction

    4.1 Overview
    4.2 Key Industry Trends
5   Global Seed Industry
    5.1 Market Overview
    5.2 Market Performance
    5.3 Market Breakup by Region
    5.4 Market Breakup by Seed Type
    5.5 Major Players
    5.6 Market Forecast
6   Indian Seed Industry
    6.1 Market Overview
    6.2 Market Performance
    6.3 Impact of COVID-19
    6.4 Evolution of the Indian Seed Industry
    6.5 Comparison of the Indian and Global Seed Industry
    6.6 Seed Industry: Value Chain Analysis
        6.6.1 Research and Development
        6.6.2 Seed Production
        6.6.3 Processing, Packaging and Storage
        6.6.4 Sales and Marketing
        6.6.5 Distribution
    6.7 Indian Seed Market: Breakup by Crop
        6.7.1 Wheat
           6.7.1.1    Market Trends
           6.7.1.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.2 Paddy
           6.7.2.1    Market Trends
           6.7.2.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.3 Vegetables
           6.7.3.1    Market Trends
           6.7.3.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.4 Cotton
           6.7.4.1    Market Trends
          6.7.4.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.5 Maize
           6.7.5.1    Market Trends
           6.7.5.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.6 Groundnut
           6.7.6.1    Market Trends
           6.7.6.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.7 Soybean
           6.7.7.1    Market Trends
           6.7.7.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.8 Others
           6.7.8.1    Market Trends
           6.7.8.2    Market Forecast
    6.8 Indian Seed Market: Breakup by Region
        6.8.1 Uttar Pradesh
           6.8.1.1    Market Trends
           6.8.1.2    Market Forecast
        6.8.2 Madhya Pradesh
           6.8.2.1    Market Trends
           6.8.2.2    Market Forecast
        6.8.3 West Bengal
           6.8.3.1    Market Trends
           6.8.3.2    Market Forecast
        6.8.4 Rajasthan
           6.8.4.1    Market Trends
           6.8.4.2    Market Forecast
        6.8.5 Punjab
           6.8.5.1    Market Trends
           6.7.5.2    Market Forecast
        6.7.6 Maharashtra
           6.8.6.1    Market Trends
           6.8.6.2    Market Forecast
       6.8.7 Andhra Pradesh
           6.8.7.1    Market Trends
           6.8.7.2    Market Forecast
       6.8.8 Bihar
           6.8.8.1    Market Trends
           6.8.8.2    Market Forecast
       6.8.9 Karnataka
           6.8.9.1    Market Trends
           6.8.9.2    Market Forecast
       6.8.10 Others
           6.8.10.1    Market Trends
           6.8.10.2    Market Forecast
    6.9 Supply and Demand of Major Seeds in India
    6.10 Hybridization of Major Crops
    6.11 Seed Replacement Rates of Major Crops
    6.12 Government Regulations
    6.13 R&D in the Indian Seed Industry
    6.14 SWOT Analysis
        6.14.1 Overview
        6.14.2 Strengths
        6.14.3 Weaknesses
        6.14.4 Opportunities
        6.14.5 Threats
    6.15 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
        6.15.1 Overview
        6.15.2 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
        6.15.3 Bargaining Power of Buyers
        6.15.4 Threat of New Entrants
        6.15.5 Threat of Substitutes
        6.15.6 Degree of Competition
    6.16 Market Forecast
7   Competitive Landscape
    7.1 Competitive Structure
    7.2 Market Share of Key Players
    7.3 Profiles of Key Players
        7.3.1 Advanta
            7.3.1.1 Company Overview
            7.3.1.2 Company Description
            7.3.1.3 Strategy
            7.3.1.4 Key Financials
        7.3.2 DuPont
            7.3.2.1 Company Overview
            7.3.2.2 Company Description
            7.3.2.3 Operations
            7.3.2.4 Strategy
            7.3.2.5 SWOT Analysis
            7.3.2.6 Key Financials
        7.3.3 Kaveri Seeds
            7.3.3.1 Company Overview
            7.3.3.2 Company Description
            7.3.3.3 Key Financials
        7.3.4 Syngenta
            7.3.4.1 Company Overview
            7.3.4.2 Company Description
            7.3.4.3 Operations
            7.3.4.4 Strategy
            7.3.4.5 SWOT Analysis
            7.3.4.6 Key Financials
        7.3.5 Bayer
            7.3.5.1 Company Overview
            7.3.5.2 Company Description
            7.3.5.3 Operations
            7.3.5.4 Strategy
            7.3.5.5 SWOT Analysis
            7.3.5.6 Key Financials
        7.3.6 J K Seeds
            7.3.6.1 Company Overview
            7.3.6.2 Company Description
            7.3.6.3 Key Financials
        7.3.7 Rallis India Limited
            7.3.7.1 Company Overview
            7.3.7.2 Company Description
            7.3.7.3 Key Financials

List of Figure

Figure 1: India: Seed Market: Major Drivers and Challenges
Figure 2: Global: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Billion US$), 2015-2020
Figure 3: Global: Seed Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2020
Figure 4: Global: Seed Market: Breakup by Type (in %), 2020
Figure 5: Global: Seed Market: Share of Key Players (in %), 2020
Figure 6: Global: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Billion US$), 2021-2026
Figure 7: Indian: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Billion US$), 2015-2020
Figure 8: India: Evolution of the Indian Seed Industry
Figure 9: India: Seed Industry: Value Chain Analysis
Figure 10: India: Seed Market: Breakup by Crop (in %), 2020
Figure 11: India: Seed Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2020
Figure 12: India: Wheat Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 13: India: Wheat Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 14: India: Paddy Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 15: India: Paddy Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 16: India: Vegetables Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 17: India: Vegetables Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 18: India: Cotton Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 19: India: Cotton Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 20: India: Maize Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 21: India: Maize Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 22: India: Groundnut Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 23: India: Groundnut Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 24: India: Soybean Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 25: India: Soybean Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 26: India: Other Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 27: India: Other Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 28: Uttar Pradesh: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 29: Uttar Pradesh: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 30: Madhya Pradesh: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 31: Madhya Pradesh: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 32: West Bengal: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 33: West Bengal: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 34: Rajasthan: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 35: Rajasthan: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 36: Punjab: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 37: Punjab: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 38: Maharashtra: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 39: Maharashtra: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 40: Andhra Pradesh: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 41: Andhra Pradesh: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 42: Bihar: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 43: Bihar: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 44: Karnataka: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 45: Karnataka: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 46: Others: Seed Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2015 & 2020
Figure 47: Others: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Figure 48: India: Grain Seeds Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2020
Figure 49: India: Vegetable Seeds Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2020
Figure 50: India: Oil Seeds Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2020
Figure 51: India: Fruit Seeds Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2020
Figure 52: India: Seed Industry: SWOT Analysis
Figure 53: India: Seed Industry: Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
Figure 54: India: Seed Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Billion US$), 2021-2026
Figure 55: India: Seed Market: Breakup by Key Players (in %), 2020
Figure 56: DuPont: SWOT Analysis
Figure 57: Syngenta: SWOT Analysis
Figure 58: Bayer: SWOT Analysis

List of Tables

Table 1: Global Seed Market: Key Industry Highlights, 2020 and 2026
Table 2: India Seed Market: Key Industry Highlights, 2020 and 2026
Table 3: India Seed Market Forecast: Breakup by Crop (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Table 4: India Seed Market Forecast: Breakup by Region (in Million US$), 2021-2026
Table 5: Comparison of the Global and Indian Seed Industry
Table 6: India: Supply and Demand of Major Crop Seeds (‘000 Tons), 2013-2014
Table 7: India: Supply and Demand of Major Crop Seeds (‘000 Tons), 2014-2015
Table 8: India: Supply and Demand of Major Crop Seeds (‘000 Tons), 2015-2016
Table 9: India: Seed Market: Hybridization of Major Seeds
Table 10: India: Seed Market: Seed Replacement rates of Major Crops, 2001, 2011 and 2017
Table 11: India: Seed Market: Government Regulations
Table 12: Advanta Seeds: Key Financials (in US$ Million) 
Table 13: DuPont: Key Financials (in US$ Million) 
Table 14: Kaveri Seeds: Key Financials (in US$ Million) 
Table 15: Syngenta: Key Financials (in US$ Million) 
Table 16: JK Seeds: Key Financials (in US$ Million) 
Table 17: Rallis India Limited: Key Financials (in US$ Million) 
Table 18: Bayer: Key Financials (in US$ Million)

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Key Question Answered in this Report

The seed industry in India was valued at US$ 4.9 Billion in 2020. 

Commercialization in the agriculture sector, growing number of public-private collaborations, inflating consumer income levels and introduction of hybrid product variants represent some of the factors driving the seed industry in India.

Sudden outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic had led to the implementation of stringent lockdown regulations resulting in temporary shutdown of numerous supply units of agricultural products across the country. The non-availability of migrant labor has also interrupted the harvesting activities in India.

Based on the type, the seed industry in India can be segmented into grain seed, oil seed, vegetable seed, and fruit seed. Currently, grain seeds hold the majority of the total market share.

On a regional level, the market has been classified into Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Punjab, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, and Karnataka, where Uttar Pradesh currently dominates the Indian market. 

Some of the major players in the seed industry in India include Advanta, DuPont, Kaveri Seeds, Syngenta and J K Seeds.

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