The global automotive lead-acid battery market was more than US$ 12 Billion in 2018. Lead acid batteries are the oldest type of rechargeable batteries invented by Gaston Planté in 1859 and are used for the starting, lighting, and the ignition (SLI) process in the automobiles. These types of batteries use sponge lead (Pb) and lead peroxide (PbO2) plates immersed in sulfuric acid to convert chemical energy into electrical power. These batteries have been in the industry for 100 years and are still a popular source of energy storage. They are generally used in power stations and substations as they have high cell voltage and lower cost. In spite of having very low energy-to-weight ratio and a low energy-to-volume ratio, these batteries supply high surge currents which implies that their cells have a large power-to-weight ratio. This makes them highly compatible for motor vehicles in order to supply high current required by automobile starter motors. Apart from this, lead acid batteries also contribute in supplying voltage to various accessories in vehicles such as music systems, wipers, radio, air conditioners, charging plugs, etc.
The demand of automotive lead-acid batteries has a strong correlation with the global automobile industry. The global automobile market has exhibited strong performance across both developed and emerging markets after a period of sluggish growth as a result of the recent global economic crisis. Moreover, a spontaneous rise in the use of electric vehicles and e-bikes has also catalyzed the demand of lead acid batteries. Characteristics such as high current delivery, resistance to corrosion and abrasion, tolerance to overcharging, low internal impedance, etc. make them appropriate to be used in electric vehicles. On a regional basis, the Asia Pacific region represented the biggest driver of automotive lead acid batteries accounting for the bulk of the total sales. Asia Pacific was followed by North America and Europe. Looking forward, the market for lead acid batteries is projected to exceed US$ 15 Billion by 2024, exhibiting a CAGR of 3.1% during 2019-2024.
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