The global caustic soda market reached a volume of 75.9 Million Metric Tons in 2018. Caustic soda, also known as sodium hydroxide (NaOH), refers to an inorganic compound which comprises sodium cations Na+ and hydroxide anions OH−. It is industrially prepared through the electrolytic chlor-alkali process in which the electrolysis of aqueous sodium chloride solution produces chlorine gas and sodium hydroxide. It is an odorless and non-flammable white solid which is commercially available in the form of flakes, pellets, granules and aqueous solutions of different concentrations. Owing to its highly-corrosive nature, it can generate substantial heat and ignite combustible materials when dissolved in water.
Caustic soda is utilized as a raw material in a number of industries including chemical, automotive, water treatment, and food and beverage. On account of its easy availability and affordability over its substitutes, it is regarded as one of the preferred chemical compounds employed to control acidity and remove heavy metals from water. Caustic soda is also used in the production of paper wherein it helps in dissolving unwanted compounds present in the wood pulp. Similarly, it aids in separating the ink from paper fibers during the process of paper recycling. Apart from this, it is used in the extraction of alumina, one of the most common oxides of aluminum, from naturally occurring minerals. As aluminum finds vast applications in the production of lightweight vehicles, the growing demand for the metal is spurring the growth of global caustic soda market. Looking forward, IMARC Group expects the market to reach a volume of 89.6 Million Metric Tons by 2024, registering a CAGR of around 3% during 2019-2024.
The report has also analysed the competitive landscape of the market with some of the key players being The DOW Chemical Company, Olin Corporation, Tata Chemicals Limited, Solvay SA, FMC Corporation, Occidental Petroleum Corporation (OXY), Formosa Plastics Corporation, Ineos Group Limited, PPG Industries, Xinjiang Zhongtai Chemical Co. Ltd., Tosoh Corporation, Hanwha Chemical Corporation, Nirma Limited, Akzo Nobel, BASF, Covestro, DowDuPont, etc.
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