Cross-Laminated Timber Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2018-2023

$ 1799


The global cross-laminated timber market reached a value of US$ 564 Million in 2017. The market value is further expected to reach US$ 1,316 Million by 2023, exhibiting a CAGR of 15% during 2018-2023. Cross-laminated timber (CLT) is an engineered wood product that is rapidly gaining popularity across the globe as a sustainable alternative to concrete and steel construction in commercial and multi-residential applications. The system consists of multilayer panels made from solid wood boards stacked crosswise and glued together. The cross-laminated configuration improves rigidity, dimensional stability, and mechanical properties. Structurally, CLT offers performance comparable to concrete or steel, with panels suitable for use as walls, floors, roofs and other applications.

CLT panels are strong and stiff, which allows them to be used in a wide range of applications. The use of CLT panels has become a successful and popular method of construction in Europe since it was first introduced during the early 1990’s. It  is  currently used for  all  kinds  of  structures  ranging  from  houses, barns, powerline towers, churches and  bridges  to  high-rise  apartment  and  office  buildings, adding visibility  and  reputation to the system. 

Cross Laminated Timber Market Report

Global Cross Laminated Timber Market Drivers

  • The structures built with cross laminated timber require shorter period of construction time than traditional construction materials such as concrete and bricks. This is largely attributed to its light weight nature and easy and fast installation. Due to the faster construction time and cheaper built up costs, CLT offers a cheaper alternative over other popular construction material such as precast concrete to the building industry. 
  • CLT can be used for an entire building or any combination of wall, floor/ceiling and roof applications. Its light weight and other characteristics make it highly adaptable to different types of projects, designs and site conditions like soft soils or tight proximity to neighbouring buildings. CLT elements can also be combined with other building materials which provides more flexibility in design, style and finish architecture. Moreover, any change in CLT can be made on site with simple tools.
  • Cross laminated timber since its inception has been largely confined to Europe. However, due to the increasing awareness about its advantages over other traditional construction material, architects and other stakeholders in the building industry in several markets such as China, Japan, United States, Canada,  Australia, NewZealand, etc., are now considering cross laminated timber as a building material for their projects. 
  • Cross laminated timber, over the years, has been mainly used as a building material in constructing low to mid rise buildings which mainly includes educational institutes and residential buildings.  However, due to recent technical advancement, now structures up to 10 storeys can be built using cross laminated timber. Therefore, due to this technical advancement coupled with the aesthetic value that CLT adds to a structure, several construction companies are considering this product to build large commercial spaces.


IMARC’s latest study “Cross-Laminated Timber Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2018-2023” provides a techno-commercial roadmap for setting up a cross-laminated timber manufacturing plant. The study, which has been done by one of the world’s leading research and advisory firms, covers all the requisite aspects of the cross-laminated timber market. This ranges from macro overview of the market to micro details of the industry performance, processing and manufacturing requirements, project cost, project funding, project economics, expected returns on investment, profit margins, etc. This report is a must-read for entrepreneurs, investors, researchers, consultants, business strategists, and all those who are planning to foray into the cross-laminated timber market in any manner.

Key Questions Answered in This Report:

  • How has the cross laminated timber market performed so far and how will it perform in the coming years?
  • What is the breakup of the global cross laminated timber market on the basis of region?
  • What is the breakup of the global cross laminated timber market on the basis of application?
  • What is the breakup of the global cross laminated timber market on the basis of product type?
  • What is the breakup of the global cross laminated timber market on the basis of element type?
  • What is the breakup of the global cross laminated timber market on the basis of raw material type?
  • What is the breakup of the global cross laminated timber market on the basis of bonding method type?
  • What is the breakup of the global cross laminated timber market on the basis of panel layers?
  • What is the breakup of the global cross laminated timber market on the basis of press type?
  • What is the breakup of the global cross laminated timber market on the basis of adhesive type?
  • What is the breakup of the global cross laminated timber market on the basis of storey class?
  • What is the breakup of the global cross laminated timber market on the basis of application type?
  • What are the price trends of cross laminated timber?
  • What are the various stages in the value chain of the cross laminated timber industry?
  • What are the key driving factors and challenges in the cross laminated timber industry?
  • What is the structure of the cross laminated timber industry and who are the key players?
  • What is the degree of competition in the cross laminated timber industry?
  • What are the profit margins in the cross laminated timber industry?
  • What are the key requirements for setting up a cross laminated timber manufacturing plant?
  • How is cross laminated timber manufactured?
  • What are the various unit operations involved in a cross laminated timber manufacturing plant?
  • What is the total size of land required for setting up a cross laminated timber manufacturing plant?
  • What are the machinery requirements for setting up a cross laminated timber manufacturing plant?
  • What are the raw material requirements for setting up a cross laminated timber manufacturing plant?
  • What are the packaging requirements for cross laminated timber?
  • What are the transportation requirements for cross laminated timber?
  • What are the utility requirements for setting up a cross laminated timber manufacturing plant?
  • What are the manpower requirements for setting up a cross laminated timber manufacturing plant?
  • What are the infrastructure costs for setting up a cross laminated timber manufacturing plant?
  • What are the capital costs for setting up a cross laminated timber manufacturing plant?
  • What are the operating costs for setting up a cross laminated timber manufacturing plant?
  • What will be the income and expenditures for a cross laminated timber manufacturing plant?
  • What is the time required to break-even?

1    Preface
2    Scope and Methodology

2.1    Objectives of the Study
2.2    Stakeholders
2.3    Data Sources
2.3.1    Primary Sources
2.3.2    Secondary Sources
2.4    Market Estimation
2.4.1    Bottom-Up Approach
2.4.2    Top-Down Approach
2.5    Forecasting Methodology
3    Executive Summary
4    Introduction

4.1    Overview
4.2    Key Industry Trends
5    Global Cross Laminated Timber Industry
5.1    Market Overview
5.2    Market Performance
5.2.1    Volume Trends
5.2.2    Value Trends
5.3    Price Trends
5.4    Market Breakup by Region
5.5    Market by Application
5.6    Market Breakup by Product Type
5.7    Market Breakup by Element Type
5.8    Market Breakup by Raw Material Type
5.9    Market Breakup by Bonding Method
5.10    Market Breakup by Panel Layers
5.11    Market Breakup by Press Type
5.12    Market Breakup by Adhesive Type
5.13    Market Breakup by Storey Class
5.14    Market Breakup by Application Type
5.15    Market Forecast
5.16    SWOT Analysis
5.16.1    Strengths
5.16.2    Weaknesses
5.16.3    Opportunities
5.16.4    Threats
5.17    Value Chain Analysis
5.18    Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
5.18.1    Overview
5.18.2    Bargaining Power of Buyers
5.18.3    Bargaining Power of Suppliers
5.18.4    Degree of Rivalry
5.18.5    Threat of New Entrants
5.18.6    Threat of Substitutes
5.19    Key Market Drivers and Success Factors
6    Performance of Key Regions
6.1    Europe
6.1.1    Market Overview
6.1.2    Market Performance
6.1.2.1    Volume Trends
6.1.2.2    Value Trends
6.1.3.1    Price Trends
6.1.3.2    Market Breakup by Country
6.1.3.3    Market by Application
6.1.3.4    Market Forecast
6.1.3    Austria
6.1.3.1    Market Trends
6.1.3.2    Capacities of Key Players
6.1.3.3    Market Forecast
6.1.4    Germany
6.1.4.1    Market Trends
6.1.4.2    Capacities of Key Players
6.1.4.3    Market Forecast
6.1.5    Italy
6.1.5.1    Market Trends
6.1.5.2    Capacities of Key Players
6.1.5.3   Market Forecast
6.1.6    Switzerland
6.1.6.1    Market Trends
6.1.6.2   Capacities of Key Players
6.1.6.3  Market Forecast
6.1.7    Czech Republic
6.1.7.1    Market Trends
6.1.7.2    Capacities of Key Players
6.1.7.3    Market Forecast
6.1.8    Spain
6.1.8.1    Market Trends
6.1.8.2    Capacities of Key Players
6.1.8.3    Market Forecast
6.1.9    Norway
6.1.10    Sweden
6.1.11    United Kingdom
6.2    North America
6.2.1    Market Overview
6.2.2    Market Performance
6.2.2.1    Volume Trends
6.2.2.2    Value Trends
6.2.2.3    Price Trends
6.2.2.4    Market Breakup by Region
6.2.2.5    Market by Application
6.2.2.6    Market Forecast
6.2.3   United States
6.2.3.1    Market Trends
6.2.3.2    Capacities of Key Players
6.2.3.3    Market Forecast
6.2.4    Canada
6.2.4.1    Market Trends
6.2.4.2    Capacities of Key Players
6.2.4.3    Market Forecas
6.3    Asia-Pacific
6.3.1    Australia
6.3.2    NewZealand
6.3.3    Japan
6.3.4    China
6.3.5    Taiwan
7    Market by Product Type
7.1    Custom CLT
7.2    Blank CLT
8    Market by Element Type
8.1    Wall Panels
8.2    Flooring Panels
8.3    Roofing Slabs
8.4    Others
9    Market by Raw Material Type
9.1    Spruce
9.2    Pine
9.3    Fir
9.4    Others
10    Market by Bonding Method
10.1    Adhesive Bonded
10.2    Mechanically Fastened
11    Market by Panel Layers
11.1    3-Ply
11.2    5-Ply
11.3    7-Ply
11.4    Others
12    Market by Adhesive Type
12.1    PUR (Polyurethane)
12.2    PRF (Phenol Resorcinol Formaldehyde)
12.3    MUF (Melamine-Urea-Formaldehyde)
12.4    Others
13    Market by Press Type
13.1    Hydraulic Press
13.2    Vacuum Press
13.3    Pneumatic Press
13.4    Others
14    Market by Storey Class
14.1    Low-Rise Buildings (1-4 Storeys)
14.2    Mid-Rise Buildings (5-10 Storeys)
14.3    High-Rise Buildings (More than 10 Storeys)
15    Market by Application Type
15.1    Structural Applications
15.2    Non-Structural Applications
16    Competitive Landscape
16.1    Competitive Structure
16.2    Production Capacities of Key Players
17    Global Cross Laminated Timber Industry: Environmental Impact/Benefit Analysis
18    Global Cross Laminated Timber Industry: Financial Impact/Benefit Analysis

19    Cross Laminated Timber Manufacturing    Process
19.1    Product Overview
19.2    Detailed Process Flow
19.3    Various Types of Unit Operations Involved
19.4    Mass Balance and Raw Material Requirements
20    Project Details, Requirements and Costs Involved
20.1    Land Requirements and Expenditures
20.2    Construction Requirements and Expenditures
20.3    Plant Layout
20.4    Plant Machinery
20.5    Machinery Pictures
20.6    Raw Material Requirements and Expenditures
20.7    Raw Material and Final Product Pictures
20.8    Packaging Requirements and Expenditures
20.9    Transportation Requirements and Expenditures
20.10    Utility Requirements and Expenditures
20.11    Manpower Requirements and Expenditures
20.12    Other Capital Investments
21    Loans and Financial Assistance
22    Project Economics
22.1    Capital Cost of the Project
22.2    Techno-Economic Parameters
22.3    Product Pricing and Margins Across Various Levels of the Supply Chain
22.4    Income Projections
22.5    Expenditure Projections
22.6    Taxation and Depreciation
22.7    Financial Analysis
22.8    Profit Analysis
23    Key Player Profiles
23.1    Stora Enso
23.2    KLH
23.3     Binderholz
23.4    Mayr Melnhof
23.5    Hasslacher
23.6    XLam Limited
23.7    Sterling Lumber
23.8    Shilliger Holz AG
23.9    B & K Structures
23.10    Eugen Decker Holzindustrie KG
23.11    Structurlam
23.12    SmartLam
23.13    Meiken Lamwood Corp.
 
List of Figures

Figure 4 1: Global: CLT Market: Key Market Drivers and Challenges
Figure 5 1: Global: CLT Production Volumes (in Cubic Metres), 2010-2017
Figure 5 2: Global: CLT Production Values (in Million US$), 2010-2017
Figure 5 3: Global: Average Cross laminated Timber Prices (in US$/Cubic Metre), 2010-2023
Figure 5 4: Global: CLT Production: Breakup by Country (in %), 2017
Figure 5 5: Global: CLT Production: Breakup by Application (in %), 2017
Figure 5 6: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Product Type (in %), 2017
Figure 5 7: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Element type (in %), 2017
Figure 5 8: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Raw Material Type (in %), 2017
Figure 5 9: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Bonding Method (in %), 2017
Figure 5 10: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Panel Layers (in %), 2017
Figure 5 11: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Press Type (in %), 2017
Figure 5 12: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Adhesive Type (in %), 2017
Figure 5 13: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Storey Class (in %), 2017
Figure 5 14: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Application Type (in %), 2017
Figure 5 15: Global: CLT Production Volumes Forecast (in Cubic Meters), 2018-2023
Figure 5 16: Global: CLT Production Value Forecast (in Million US$), 2018-2023
Figure 5 17: Global: CLT Industry: SWOT Analysis
Figure 5 18: CLT Industry: Value Chain Analysis
Figure 5 19: United Kingdom: CLT Industry: Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
Figure 6 1: Europe: CLT Market: Volume Trends (in Cubic Metres), 2010-2017
Figure 6 2: Europe: CLT Market: Value Trends (in US$ Million), 2010-2017
Figure 6 3: Europe: Average CLT Prices (in US$/Cubic Metre), 2010-2023
Figure 6 4: Europe: CLT Production: Breakup by Country (in %), 2017
Figure 6 5: Europe: CLT Production: Breakup by Application (in %), 2017
Figure 6 6: Europe: CLT Market Forecast: Volumes Trends (in Cubic Meters), 2018-2023
Figure 6 7: Europe: CLT Market Forecast: Value Trend (in US$ Million), 2018-2023
Figure 6 8: Austria: CLT Production Volume (in Cubic Metres), 2010-2017
Figure 6 9: Austria: CLT Production Volume Forecast (in Cubic Meters), 2018-2023
Figure 6 10: Germany: CLT Production Volume (in Cubic Metres), 2010-2017
Figure 6 11: Germany: CLT Production Volume Forecast (in Cubic Meters), 2018-2023
Figure 6 12: Italy: CLT Production Volumes (in Cubic Metres), 2010-2017
Figure 6 13: Italy: CLT Production Volumes Forecast (in Cubic Meters), 2018-2023
Figure 6 14: Switzerland: CLT Production Volumes (in Cubic Metres), 2009 and 2016
Figure 6 15: Switzerland: CLT Production Volumes Forecast (in Cubic Meters), 2018-2023
Figure 6 16: Czech Republic: CLT Production Volumes (in Cubic Metres), 2009 and 2016
Figure 6 17: Czech Republic: CLT Production Volumes Forecast (in Cubic Meters), 2018-2023
Figure 6 18: Spain: CLT Production Volumes (in Cubic Metres), 2009 and 2016
Figure 6 19: Czech Republic: CLT Production Volumes Forecast (in Cubic Meters), 2018-2023
Figure 6 20: North America CLT Market: Key Industry Highlights, 2017 and 2023
Figure 6 21: North America: CLT Production Volume (in Cubic Metres), 2013-2016
Figure 6 22: North America: CLT Production Value (in Million US$), 2013-2016
Figure 6 23: Cross laminated Timber Price (in US$/Cubic Metre), 2013-2022
Figure 6 24: North America: CLT Market: Breakup by Country (in %), 2017
Figure 6 25: North America: CLT Market: Breakup by Application (in %), 2017
Figure 6 26: North America: CLT Production Volume Forecast (in Cubic Meters), 2018-2023
Figure 6 27: North America: CLT Production Value Forecast (in Million US$), 2018-2023
Figure 6 28: North America: CLT Production Volume Forecast by Country (in Cubic Meters), 2018-2023
Figure 6 29: United States: CLT Production Volume (in Cubic Metres), 2013-2016
Figure 6 30: United States: CLT Production Volume Forecast (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Figure 6 31: Canada: CLT Production Volume (in Cubic Metres), 2013-2016
Figure 6 32: Canada: CLT Production Volume Forecast (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Figure 6 33: Asia-Pacific: CLT Production Volume (in Cubic Metres), 2012-2017
Figure 6 34: Asia-Pacific: CLT Production Volume Forecast (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Figure 6 35: Australia: CLT Production Volume (in Cubic Metres), 2012-2017
Figure 6 36: Australia: CLT Production Volume Forecast (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Figure 6 37: New Zealand: CLT Production Volume (in Cubic Metres), 2012-2017
Figure 6 38: New Zealand: CLT Production Volume Forecast (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Figure 6 39: Japan: CLT Production Volume (in Cubic Metres), 2012-2017
Figure 6 40: Japan: CLT Production Volume Forecast (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Figure 6 41: China: CLT Production Volume (in Cubic Metres), 2012-2017
Figure 6 42: China: CLT Production Volume Forecast (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Figure 6 43: Taiwan: CLT Production Volume (in Cubic Metres), 2012-2017
Figure 6 44: Taiwan: CLT Production Volume Forecast (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Figure 7 1: Global: Custom CLT Market: Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 7 2: Global: Blank CLT Market: Volume Trends (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 8 1: Global: CLT Market (Wall Panels): Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 8 2: Global: CLT Market (Flooring Panels): Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 8 3: Global: CLT Market (Roofing Slabs): Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 8 4: Global: CLT Market (Other Elements): Volume Trends (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 9 1: Global: CLT Market (Spruce Based): Volume Trends (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 9 2: Global: CLT Market (Pine Based): Volume Trends (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 9 3: Global: CLT Market (Fir Based): Volume Trends (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 9 4: Global: CLT Market (Other Specie Based): Volume Trends (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 10 1: Global: CLT (Adhesive Bonded) Market: Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 10 2: Global: CLT (Mechanically Fastened) Market: Volume Trends (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 11 1: Global: CLT (3-Ply) Market: Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 11 2: Global: CLT (5-Ply) Market: Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 11 3: Global: CLT (7-Ply) Market: Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 11 4: Global: CLT (Panels More than 7 Layers) Market: Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 12 1: Global: CLT Market (PUR Based): Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 12 2: Global: CLT Market (PRF Based): Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 12 3: Global: CLT Market (MUF Based): Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 12 4: Global: CLT (Others Adhesive Based CLT) Market: Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 13 1: Global: CLT Market (Hydraulic Press Based): Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 13 2: Global: CLT Market (Vacuum Press Based): Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 13 3: Global: CLT Market (Pneumatic Press Based): Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 13 4: Global: CLT Market (Others): Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 14 1: Global: CLT Market in Low-Rise Buildings: Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 14 2: Global: CLT Market in Mid-Rise Buildings: Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 14 3: Global: CLT Market in High-Rise Buildings: Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 15 1: Global: CLT Market (Structural Applications): Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 15 2: Global: CLT Market in Non-Structural Applications: Volume Trend (in Cubic Metres), 2010, 2017 and 2023
Figure 17 1: Environmental Impact Comparison: CLT over Concrete
Figure 18 1: Five Storey Building Cost Comparison
Figure 19 1: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Detailed Process Flow
Figure 19 2: CLT Manufacturing Process: Conversion Rate of Products
Figure 20 1: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Proposed Plant Layout
Figure 22 1: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Breakup of Capital Costs (in %)
Figure 22 2: CLT Industry: Margins Across Various Stages of the Supply Chain
Figure 22 3: CLT Production: Manufacturing Cost Breakup (in %)
 
List of Tables

Table 5 1: Global: CLT Market: Key Industry Highlights, 2017 and 2023
Table 6 1: European: CLT Market: Key Industry Highlights, 2017 and 2023
Table 6 2: Austria: Top CLT Manufacturers
Table 6 3: Germany: Top CLT Manufacturers
Table 6 4: Italy: Top CLT Manufacturers
Table 6 5: Switzerland: Top CLT Manufacturers
Table 6 6: Czech Republic: Top CLT Manufacturers
Table 6 7: Spain: Top CLT Manufacturers
Table 6 8: Norway: Top CLT Manufacturers
Table 6 9: Sweden: Top CLT Manufacturers
Table 6 10: United States: Key CLT Producers
Table 6 11: Canada: Key CLT Producers
Table 7 1: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Product Type (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Table 8 1: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Element Type (in Cubic Metres),
Table 9 1: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Raw Material Type (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Table 10 1: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Bonding Method (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Table 11 1: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Panel Layers (in Cubic Metres),
Table 12 1: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Adhesive Type (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Table 13 1: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Press Type (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Table 14 1: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Storey Class (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Table 15 1: Global: CLT Market: Breakup by Application Type (in Cubic Metres), 2018-2023
Table 16 1: Global: Key CLT Producers with Annual Production Capacities, 2017
Table 18 1: Quality Benefit Analysis: CLT over Concrete
Table 18 2: Cost Analysis: CLT over Concrete
Table 19 1: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Raw Material Requirements (in CBM/Day)
Table 20 1: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Costs Related to Land and Site Development (in US$)
Table 20 2: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Costs Related to Civil Works (in US$)
Table 20 3: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Machinery Costs (in US$)
Table 20 4: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Raw Material Requirements and Expenditures (in CBM/Day)
Table 20 5: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Costs Related to Salaries and Wages (in US$)
Table 20 6: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Costs Related to Other Capital Investments (in US$)
Table 21 1: Details of Financial Assistance Offered by Financial Institutions
Table 22 1: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Capital Costs (in US$)
Table 22 2: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Techno-Economic Parameters
Table 22 3: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Income Projections (in US$)
Table 22 4: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Expenditure Projections (in US$)
Table 22 5: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Taxation (in US$)
Table 22 6: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Depreciation (in US$)
Table 22 7: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Cash Flow Analysis Without Considering the Income Tax Liability
Table 22 8: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Cash Flow Analysis on Considering the Income Tax Liability
Table 22 9: CLT Manufacturing Plant: Profit and Loss Account (in US$)


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