According to the latest report by IMARC Group, titled "Foreign Exchange Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2020-2025," the global foreign exchange market experienced healthy growth during 2014-2019. Foreign exchange (forex) is the systematic process of converting one currency into another. The system is used to facilitate the flow of money that is derived from international trade. With no centralized location, the forex market consists of an electronic network of banks, brokers, institutions, and individual traders who trade through banks or brokers. The system utilizes credit instruments, such as bills of foreign currency, bank drafts and telephonic transfers, to not only convert the currency of one nation into another but also to support the exchange of various goods and services between multiple countries.
Global Foreign Exchange Market Trends:
The global market is primarily driven by the confluence of various factors, including rapid urbanization, inflating disposable income levels and changing lifestyle patterns. This has led to a significant increase in the influx of tourists on a global level, which has influenced the demand for foreign exchange positively. This is further supported by the numerous benefits associated with forex, which include 24x7 trading opportunities, minimal trading costs, enormous trading volume, high liquidity and high transactional transparency. The forex market also attracts international traders by offering numerous lucrative opportunities and early profits, which is creating a positive outlook for the market. Moreover, the advent of multiple internet-based platforms has also contributed to the market growth. These platforms offer convenience during currency exchanges and ensure the delivery of goods and services in a secure and centralized setting. Furthermore, various companies are investing in the development of the overall infrastructure to provide improved security mechanisms for trading, thereby providing traction to the market growth. Other factors, such as increasing digitization and several technological advancements, are expected to contribute to the market growth further. On account of the aforementioned factors, the market is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of around 6% during the forecast period (2020-2025).
- On the basis of the counterparty, the market has been divided into reporting dealers, other financial institutions and non-financial customers.
- Based on the instrument, the market has been categorized into currency swap, outright forward and FX swaps, and FX options.
- On the geographical front, the market has been segregated into North America (the United States and Canada), Europe (Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Russia and others), Asia Pacific (China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia, Indonesia and others), Latin America (Brazil, Mexico and others), and Middle East and Africa.
- The competitive landscape of the market has been analyzed with the detailed profiles of the key players operating in the market. Some of these players include Barclays PLC, BNP Paribas SA, Citigroup, Inc., Deutsche Bank AG, Goldman Sachs Group, Inc., HSBC Holdings plc, JPMorgan Chase & Co., The Royal Bank of Scotland plc, UBS Group AG, Standard Chartered Group, State Street Bank and Trust Company, and XTX Markets Limited.
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